Home > > TEX-MED Community > > Clusters > > Thessaloniki - Central Macedonia - Greece
TEX-MED Clusters ended: an outlook to the future

31 12 2015

TEX-MED Clusters ended: an outlook to the future

The legacy of the project and the activity of Mediterranean Desk in a next future.

Brands Access to International Markets 21st-22nd October 2015

21 10 2015

Brands Access to International Markets 21st-22nd October 2015

JGATE hosted a two days initiative focused on market access facilitation for Mediterranean brands.

Guided Visit to ITMA Fair

16 11 2015

Guided Visit to ITMA Fair

In the frame of our CBC initiative “Training for technological upgrading”, Unione Industriale Pratese organized a guided visit to ITMA Fair in Milan.

Networking Event on Clustering: Big Opportunities, More Competitiveness

17 11 2015

Networking Event on Clustering: Big Opportunities, More Competitiveness

A networking event to show the opportunities of the Mediterranean Hyper-Cluster for the TC companies.

Forum for Capitalization-Alexandria

01 12 2015

Forum for Capitalization-Alexandria

The partner GACIC organized the Capitalization Forum at Helnan Palestine Hotel in Alexandria, final milestone event of the Project, together with Sustexnet and Meditexprojects.

Strategic immersion seminar on the Catalan and Mediterranean technical textiles clusters

24 11 2015

Strategic immersion seminar on the Catalan and Mediterranean technical textiles clusters

The partner TEXFOR organised a seminar at the Hotel La Mola in Terrassa to analyse and discuss challenges of the Catalan and Mediterranean TT clusters within our CBC initiative on the Mediterranean Cross Border Cooperation in the field of technical textiles.

View all news >>

Thessaloniki - Central Macedonia - Greece


The Central Macedonia cluster is historically specialized in the cotton value chain. A distinctive feature of the cluster is that it is the only European area the produces cotton fibre. It holds a significant role in the international cotton market for its quantity and quality.

In the past two decades the cluster had to managed several waves of self reshaping due to the potentially destructive impacts of the liberalization/globalization process, the aggressive competition of the nearby Istanbul and the consequences of the Greek financial crisis.

In order to resists and to survive/develop in these very dire conditions, enterprises adopted diversified strategies. Initially they took the opportunity to delocalize/subcontract in the close-by areas of Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania. Subsequently they globalized their value chain including outsourcing in Asia (China included) and finally they (the surviving companies) upgraded they business models by modernizing processes, operations and product positioning. Despite being weakened, Thessaloniki and central Macedonia still remains a major centre of the Greek clothing industry.

This area represents more than 45% of total Greek employment and almost 80% of national export of the T/C industry.

Currently, in Central Macedonia enterprises are still in all segments of the T/C chain from cotton crops to the final products with a significant component in the capital intensive operations of spinning, knitting and finishing and in advanced services such as design, CAD/CAM, marketing & logistics. Finally, Greece has the possibility to increase its exports in Europe and Asia, with branded products and specialized subcontracting.

1 Number of enterprises in the T/C Industry (latest figures) 942
2 Total turnover of T/C Industry (latest figures) 1.060 mil. €
3 Total local employment direct T/C industry (latest figures 12.523
4 Estimation of Total indirect employment 45.000
5 Exports 860 mil. €
6 Exports areas: EU 79%


The typical products of the area are knitted apparels from cotton and other mixtures. Other relevant products: cotton yarns, knitted fabrics, dyeing & finishing services and woven apparels.

Other technologies/processes present in the cluster: spinning mills, knitting houses, dyeing & finishing houses and woven garment manufacturers of branded products .

The majority of the companies in the cluster are export oriented companies of knitted apparel. They are mainly “service” providers such as specialized subcontractors with manufacturing capacities in neighbouring countries like Bulgaria, FYROM, etc.

Core activity model of the cluster is export oriented mainly in EU major markets with large and medium clients either retailers or product brands.

Distinctive skills and/or competences

  • The availability of very good quality of cotton in the region
  • An integrated textile chain from raw materials to the final products
  • The possibility of delocalization of the garment production in short distance low cost countries (Bulgaria, FYROM, Albania)
  • Long cooperation with the main European markets
  • Fast delivery, flexibility, small quantities and custom service

For more details about companies of this cluster : www.greekfashion.gr